Josh Mesout explores the complexities and challenges of adopting machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI). He discusses the struggle to embrace and understand these technologies, leading to a high failure rate. Mesout highlights the significant time spent on infrastructure engineering and the need for expertise across various disciplines. He addresses the difficulty in justifying ROI and the risks associated with machine learning. To simplify machine learning, Civo introduces KubeFlow as a service with lower prices, GPU Edge boxes, and partnerships.